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Hybrid work is reshaping Japan’s workforce: Survey

The work environment in Japan has changed significantly as the world gradually moves past the epidemic era. The combination of remote and in-office labor, or hybrid work, has become ingrained in Japanese corporate culture. This trend represents a dramatic change in the way businesses and people see productivity and workplace satisfaction, moving away from traditional office-centric models and toward more flexible arrangements.

Shift in remote working trends

These changing tendencies are highlighted by recent statistics from an extensive survey carried out by Japan’s Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport, and Tourism. Although there has been a little dip from the apex of remote work during the COVID-19 pandemic, hybrid work arrangements have remained very popular. The percentage of workers who work remotely either full-time or part-time, fell from 27% to 24.8% nationwide between 2021 and 2023. From 42.3% to 38.1%, this percentage decreased in the Tokyo metropolitan region. The basis of hybrid work is still strong in spite of these decreases, suggesting a long-term shift in the dynamics of the workforce.

The rise of hybrid work

There is a definite preference for hybrid arrangements in the poll, which attracted responses from almost 36,000 paid workers, 5,832 of whom reported having used remote or hybrid working modes in the previous year. Remarkably, more than 70% of employees still work remotely more than one day a week, demonstrating how well-liked and accepted this flexible work arrangement is.

Remote work preferences and challenges

The desire to continue working remotely is strong, even though the percentage of people working remotely full-time has decreased overall, from 19.4% in 2021 to 17.7% in 2023. This is due to people working remotely five days a week. More than half of the respondents indicated that they would like to keep working remotely three days a week or more, demonstrating how important flexibility is.

Generational differences in remote work

Younger employees, particularly those aged 15 to 29, show a strong inclination towards remote work. About one-third of this age group would prefer not to comply strictly with directives to return to the office, favoring negotiations for continued remote work opportunities. Moreover, 11.3% of these young workers are even considering employment changes or entrepreneurial ventures that would allow them to maintain a remote working lifestyle, the highest rate among all age groups surveyed.

Barriers to remote work

Despite the enthusiasm for remote work, not all employees have the opportunity to engage in such arrangements. The primary reason cited by the 30,396 respondents who had not worked remotely in the past year was corporate policy restrictions. Additionally, the nature of some jobs, particularly those requiring direct interaction or on-site presence, such as customer service roles, inherently limits remote work possibilities.

Perceived benefits and drawbacks

The survey also sheds light on the perceived impacts of remote work. A significant 67% of respondents appreciated the reduced burden of commuting. However, there are also concerns, with 54% of participants worried about the potential decrease in physical activity due to remote working conditions.


The landscape of work in Japan is undeniably changing. Hybrid work models are proving not just a temporary adjustment but a lasting element of how businesses operate. As companies and employees alike navigate these changes, the benefits of flexibility, reduced commute times, and enhanced work-life balance continue to shape preferences and policies. The ongoing challenge will be balancing these benefits with the potential drawbacks, ensuring that the evolution of the workplace benefits all involved.