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HomeRemote Work2023 State of Hybrid Work is here

2023 State of Hybrid Work is here


In 2023, Owl Labs produced State of Hybrid Work Reports across seven different countries and markets: US, UK, Germany, France, Netherlands, Nordics, and Global. From hybrid work to in-office and remote work policies, each report dives deep into workplace dynamics and how employers and employees alike are adapting to ever-changing environments.


Today, we are excited to announce the release of our seventh annual State of Hybrid Work Report, previously known as the State of Remote Work. We surveyed 2,000 full-time workers in the United States to uncover the latest trends and perspectives around remote and hybrid work, from polyworking to coffee badging. This year’s report reveals the current return to office divide, with employers putting their energy into calling people back, but missing the mark on what their employees really need from the in-office or hybrid experience. 

“The annual return to office power struggle that happens each fall has arrived yet again, as we’re seeing companies beg, entice and force their employees to show their faces around the watercooler – even if it’s against their will,” said Frank Weishaupt, CEO of Owl Labs. “People don’t want to spend time and money on frequent office pilgrimages if they’re just going to be sitting on the same video calls they’d be doing in the comfort of their own homes or on tasks that they feel less productive doing from the office. The data shows that many companies have more work to do to provide an attractive, productive and stress-free office environment that makes employees want to gather.” 

Workers are finding creative ways around return to office mandates to save time and money

Employers forcing their workers back to the office have been met with all manner of pushback, from open letters and strikes to “quiet quitting” and actual quitting. More than 2 in 3 workers (69%) believe their employers are requiring them to work from the office because of traditional work expectations, especially when 60% of hybrid workers think they’re more productive when they work from home (30% say they are at the same level of productivity working from home). As employees are being called back to the office yet again, many are subtly protesting by complying for as little time as possible. More than half (58%) of hybrid workers are “coffee badging” – showing up to the office for enough time to have a cup of coffee and earn an imaginary badge for it, then going home to do their work. Another 8% said they haven’t been coffee badging but would like to try it.

One reason they’re not staying the full day is because it’s expensive for them to do so. Workers spend on average $51 per day when they go to the office, which is $408 for hybrid workers (8 days/month) and $1020 for full-time office workers per month. Meaning in-office full time employees spend 3x as much as full-time remote workers. This includes a daily average of $16 on lunch, $14 on the commute, $13 on breakfast and coffee, and $8 on parking. Those with pets also spend an average of $20 per day on pet care.

Commuting time is also likely affecting this trend. With 61% of workers spending 30 minutes to 1.5 hours commuting each day, and 20% spending 1.5 to 2 hours, the office experience needs to make the trip worthwhile. Allowing for flexible hours – arriving after morning rush hour and leaving before the evening – could make a significant impact on total daily time spent in transit. 

Nearly all employees could be convinced to go to the office – for the right perks 

Despite their hesitations, 94% of workers are willing to return to office. But the traditional “perks” that once worked for luring people to the office are no longer sufficient. Employees ultimately want what really matters: saving money. More than 1/3 of hybrid workers (38%) would be more likely to go to the office if their companies paid for their commuting costs, while 28% could be swayed by daycare or eldercare subsidies or on-site alternatives, a likely result of the caregiver shortage. Another 28% think there is such a thing as a free lunch, admitting they could be lured by free or subsidized food and beverages. More than 1/3 (34%) said more privacy in the office, likely to take individual calls and video meetings, would help draw them back in.

Killing the dress code is a free and easy way to get people to show up 

As companies are cutting costs due to economic uncertainty, those that don’t have a budget for these kinds of benefits might consider loosening up their dress codes – or killing them altogether. Nearly 3 in 4 employees (72%) said a flexible or non-existent dress code is important to them. About a quarter of all workers (24%) would be enticed to go to the office if they could wear any clothing or styles they choose, with another quarter (25%) saying they would even take a 15% pay cut for the privilege. 

More than half of business trips could have been a video call 

Some of the resistance to the office stems from the advancement of videoconferencing technology and increased familiarity with it. Many people believe that in-person meetings often don’t offer significantly more value than remote or hybrid alternatives. Only about half (54%) of workers say business trips at their organizations have returned to pre-pandemic levels, with employees of larger companies (250+ people) being 20% more likely to say this compared to their counterparts at smaller businesses. While the average number of business trips per person in 2023 is 4.5, workers say over half of those trips (2.4) could have been held virtually instead. More than 1/3 of companies (38%) have cut back on business trips because video calls work just as well as in-person meetings for many needs.

Worker stress increased since last year, taking a toll on employees’ mental health

While they may be saving time and aggravation at the airport, employees are more stressed than ever, with 56% saying their stress has increased and 35% saying it stayed the same since last year. Full-time office workers are 23 percentage points more likely than remote workers to say their stress levels have gone up in the last year. 30% say their workload has increased and they can’t keep up, and 19% don’t feel fairly compensated. Other top reasons for worker stress include recession fears (56%), not having the flexibility they want (55%), being forced to be in the office full-time (52%), and not feeling seen and heard in meetings as a remote participant (51%). 

Stress can have serious consequences, including disengagement. More than half of workers (52%) say they feel disengaged at work, with 1/3 (31%) citing a decrease in their mental health over the past year as the top reason. Some are choosing to permanently disengage, as almost 1/3 of workers who are currently seeking a new job (30%) are doing it specifically to find a less stressful role. 

A quarter of workers are worried AI will steal their jobs but half of them still want their employers to use it 

Another source of stress is the rise of AI and how it may affect job security. About 1/3 of employees (31%) think AI will compete with their jobs, and one in four (23%) are concerned it will steal their jobs altogether. Another third (32%) believe AI will cause ethical issues in their workplaces.

More than half of workers (52%) said their employers have already adopted AI technology to replace or augment employees’ roles. When it comes to technologies that employees want their companies to adopt in the next two years, AI or an AI assistant is at the top of the list, with 48% of workers wanting it. About 44% of employees believe AI will help them do their jobs faster and more effectively, and 35% think it will create new jobs and team growth. Augmented or mixed reality devices are next on the wishlist at 44%, while 38% said they would like to use holograms or avatars in the workplace. 

Many people are juggling multiple jobs, with office workers and Millennials most likely to polywork

In today’s economic climate, having multiple jobs or side hustles, also known as “polyworking,” is becoming more common, especially among millennials. Almost half (46%) of workers are currently polyworking, while another third (36%) plan on doing so in the future. 74% of millennials have at least one additional job, which is more than any other generation – in comparison, 13% of Gen Z, 11% of Gen X, and 2% of Boomers are polyworking. Full-time office employees are more than twice as likely (68%) to have one additional job than remote (5%) and hybrid workers (27%). Of those with an additional job, 39% say they need the additional income to cover expenses, while 33% say their additional job is their true passion, but they need to polywork for financial reasons.